Another sights in Germany

The Brothers Grimm Museum in Kassel

The Brothers Grimm Museum in Kassel
The Brothers Grimm Museum is in Bellevue Palace (Palais Bellevue) , a free standing city villa, perched on the edge of downtown Kassel, overlooking the Karlsaue Park and the Fulda river below. Today’s incarnation of the museum was put in place in 1999.  Recently the museum was closed for renovations and reopened in the spring of 2007 with almost an entire additional floor of permanent exhibits. 
Today the museum is made up of four parts: 
The permanent exhibits on the second and third floors present a chronological introduction to the important events in the Grimm brothers’ lives in attractive period rooms, with many authentic artefacts..  There are large explanatory panels in English, Japanese, and German.
The top floor is given over to a collection of room size fairy-tale worlds, suitable for hands-on exploration with children, exploring the stories of the Grimm Brothers.
The ground floor has changing exhibits.  In 2007 the topic was: Books Open Worlds, 300 Years of Children’s Books.
And finally part of the archives and library of the museum are held at the palace. 
Jacob Grimm was often in the Bellevue Palace up until 1813, in his position as the private librarian of King Jérôme and as a member of the government of Napoleonic puppet Kingdom of Westphalia (he had a position called “Auditor to the Privy Council”).  After 1822 the palace was the summer residence of the Duchess Auguste (her German title was Kurfürstin von Hessen) who lived  separately from her husband Elector (Kurfürst) Wilhelm II.  Wilhelm Grimm was called in to be a private tutor to Friedrich Wilhelm I.,  and so he surely visited the child on occasion in the Bellevue Palace when giving lessons in history, literature, or grammar.  In the 1820’s the Grimm brothers took a new apartment near the Bellevue Palace. 
Scholarly Diligence against Electoral Arbitrariness
After the Napoleonic era had come to its end, the old electorate of Hesse was reestablished in 1813.  A year later, Wilhelm was offered the position of the Secretary at the Elector’s library in Kassel, where Jacob became a second librarian in 1816.  Until 1829 the Brothers Grimm lived with their brothers and a sister in Kassel and produced their most important scholarly works.  In 1822 their sister Lotte got married to the assistant judge and later government minister Ludwig Hassenpflug.  In 1825 Wilhelm wed his girlfriend from childhood days Dorothea Wild (nicknamed “Dortchen”).  Jacob Grimm never married.  While the Brothers Grimm maintain cordial relations with the Duchess Auguste, the Elector Wilhelm II — reigning since 1821 — thought little of them and never promoted them while they were in his employ.  In 1829, when they were offered a chair at the University of Göttingen, they accepted and left Kassel.
Their youngest brother Ludwig Emil became in 1832 professor at the Academy of fine arts in Kassel and married the daughter of the painter Wilhelm Böttner.  After the marriage in 1834, Ludwig  lived in the Böttner House next to the Bellevue palace.  The numerous drawings made by the artistic brother show that he was on a very familiar footing with the Hessian Duchess and her children.
Academics and Politics
In Göttingen the Brothers Grimm worked as librarians and professors at the well-known University of the Kingdom of Hannover.  They lived in the Allee (today called the Goethe Allee) close to the library and held lectures on language, literature, law and history.  In 1835 the Grimm brothers only sister Lotte died unexpectedly.  Their time in Göttingen ended abruptly: in 1837 they protested with five fellow professors against the revocation of the Constitution by Prince Ernst August, the new king of Hannover.  As a consequence they not only were fired from their positions at the university, but also had to leave the kingdom of Hannover.  They returned to live in Kassel — without employment, although highly regarded throughout Germany and Europe and supported by many donations from friends and admirers.
Freedom, Rights, and Unity
In the fall of 1840 Friedrich Wilhelm IV, King of Prussia, summoned the Brothers Grimm to teach at the Academy of Sciences in Berlin.  They moved to the Prussian capital in 1841 and worked there till the end of their days.  At first they lived at Lennéstrasse, but moved later to Dorotheenstrasse, and finally to Linkstrasse.  It was here where they began the edition of the “German Dictionary” – the crowning of their unique scholarly work.  The dictionary was intended to contain the complete German vocabulary from Luther to Goethe.  With their works as well as their ethical principles the Brothers Grimm influenced the conferences of Germanists in Frankfurt am Main (1846) and Lübeck (1847).  In 1848 Jacob Grimm became delegate to the German National Assembly in Frankfurt’s St. Paul Church.  The Brothers Grimm died in Berlin, where they are buried side by side at the old Matthäi-Cemetary.

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